Water is inalienable to human life. Since millenniums, humans settled on the banks of rivers. Their life, culture, civilization all were formed on the banks of the river. Denying someone of drinking water even during the war is considered a deceitful move. The United Nations (UN) lists access to the drinking water as part of the basic human right. People venerated river as goddesses. Ganges, Euphrates, Yamuna, Danube, Nile, Amazon, and Volga, all were a symbol of a civilization too. Even, the heaven was described, as a valley where the river flows. The infallible relation with human and water shows the former will not survive without adequate water availability in their surroundings.
In Jharkhand, the people face an acute problem of drinking water shortage. The land of Jharkhand is blessed with the minerals. Coal and other valuable minerals provide the people of Jharkhand with an immense opportunity of economic affluence in future. However, the very presences of these minerals deprive the people off from access to drinking water. In a normal situation, a single person needs 20-30 liters of water per day. Drinking, sanitation, cooking, and all other significant human actions need hygiene water. The dirty water or lethal content added water not only deprives people of drinking it but also poses a serious health threat to them.
Education suffers when sick children miss school. Economic opportunities are routinely lost to the impacts of rampant illness and the time-consuming processes of acquiring water where it is not readily available. Children and women endure the most of these burdens.
Ladder foundation, considering water crisis in Jharkhand as one of the significant humanitarian issues, has decided to dig many bore-wells and develop more infrastructure for providing easy access to the drinking water. As of now more than 50 have been constructed. The presence of lethal chemicals in the upper layers of the earth makes the bore wells an unavoidable option for the people. The government of Jharkhand has also tried to address the issue, but according to its own statement still, it could not provide water for all. The Government Website says: “In Jharkhand entire population does not have access to safe drinking water & sanitation. Rural sanitation coverage is very low. About 30% of habitations have a partial facility with drinking water. All habitations do not have safe drinking water as source contains Fluoride, Arsenic & Iron.” The economically and socially backward communities living in marginalized districts are the worst affected by the problem. Digging bore well coasts 50,000 to 1Lakh rupees each. The financial instability does not allow the backward communities to contribute money to bore wells. Understanding the ever-growing issues related to the water, the ladder foundation dug more than 50 borewells across the state.